Maritime migrant interdiction emerged in the 1980s. With it came a new era of border externalization--the offshoring of migration policing as a mode of jurisdictional arbitrage. This talk with Jeffrey Kahn examines the effects of maritime migration policing on the form of the nation-state.
Using two case studies (Zimbabwean migrants in South African and Burmese migrants in Thailand) Amy Skoll demonstrates how precarity is mitigated by the home country context as well as the host country context, leading to variation in migrant mobilization.
Faced with a long and uncertain recovery, many Puerto Ricans instead opted to move to the US mainland, where as US citizens they enjoy full rights to work and vote. Using various data sources, including data from FEMA disaster relief applications, Justin Wiltshire shows that rather than spreading uniformly throughout the contiguous states these evacuees tended to cluster heavily in relatively few areas.
In this paper, Cynthia van der Werf studies how the largest inflow of refugees in U.S. history –Indochinese refugees at the end of the Vietnam War – affected U.S. children by examining whether native children’s academic achievement was lower in ZIP Codes with higher shares of refugees using the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS88), the National Assessment of Educational Progress, and U.S. Census data.
As US policymakers struggle to find a policy solution to address the restrictions on legal immigration that lead to undocumented immigration, deportations have become a reality affecting lives of millions of immigrants and local communities.