Analysis of nationally representative individual-level panel data from 1980 to 2010 reveals a significant negative trend in the agricultural labor supply from rural Mexico, which is the primary source of hired workers for U.S. farms.
Many households in developing countries rely on renewable natural resources as their main source of energy. Collecting and burning firewood requires a considerable amount of time, has negative health consequences, and can cause deforestation and depletion of local resources if forests are not properly managed.
Migration is defined by the United Nations as the movement from one of the world's 200+ nation states to another for 12 months or more, regardless of the purpose for being outside the country or birth or citizenship or legal status in the new country.
An analysis of nationally representative panel data from rural Mexico, with observations in years 2002, 2007, and 2010, suggests that the same shift out of farm work that characterized U.S. labor history is well underway in Mexico.
This chapter was prepared for discussion at the Roundtable Session 2.1 on “Reducing the costs of migration and maximizing human development,” at the Global Forum on Migration and Development held in Athens, Greece, on November 4–5, 2009.