Since taking office, President Donald Trump has made it a priority to restrict legal immigration to the United States. To bolster its anti-immigration policies, the Trump administration has pushed the narrative that poor immigrants are a drain on government resources. New research by UC Davis professor Santiago Pérez sheds light on the economic mobility of immigrants and suggests the government’s view may be shortsighted.
Immigrants also help the people in the communities to which they move. Research by the economists Gaetano Basso and Giovanni Peri indicates that in the United States, when immigrants move to an area, wages for natives of all education levels tend to rise.
Leo Peña, as the project photographer Photographer/activist Leopoldo Peña is among the artists whose work is being featured through the end of the year at Oakland’s Asian Cultural Cefor Humanizing Deportation, has taken black and white portrait photos of some forty community collaborators of the project, which can be viewed on its webpage. His engaged art focuses on issues of immigration and modern environment. A public reception of the exhibition will be held on November 20, 6:00-8:00 pm.
The Carolina Academic Press has published the third edition of Understanding Immigration Law, which features contributions from Dean Kevin R. Johnson, Associate Vice Chancellor for Diversity and Professor of Law Raquel E. Aldana, and Professor Leticia Saucedo.
Lizbeth De La Cruz Santana, PhD candidate in Spanish at UC Davis, took her research on U.S./Mexico migration to the literal border this summer. As a 2019 Mellon Public Scholar, she conceived of, orchestrated, and painted her digitally interactive Playas de Tijuana Mural Project directly on the border wall.
The adult children of immigrants, almost universally, show more upward economic mobility than their peers whose parents were born in the United States. Indeed, a new working paper co-authored by Santiago Pérez finds that this is especially true for the lowest-income immigrants and remains true for the most recent cohorts for which data is available.
Using millions of father-son pairs spanning more than 100 years of US history, this paper finds that children of immigrants from nearly every sending country have higher rates of upward mobility than children of the US-born. Immigrants’ advantage is similar historically and today despite dramatic shifts in sending countries and US immigration policy.
This paper examines the labor market consequences of an extensive campaign repatriating around 400,000 Mexicans in 1929-34. Using a repeated cross section of county level data, it finds attenuated and non-significant employment effects and amplified wage downgrading. It shows that this is due to selective in- and out-migration of natives.
“The short-term perspective on immigrant assimilation that politicians tend to take might underestimate the long-run success of immigrants,” said Ran Abramitzky, a professor at Stanford and one of the paper’s authors, along with Leah Platt Boustan, Elisa Jácome and Santiago Pérez. “By the second generation, they are doing quite well.”
Congressional Democrats hope to broker a deal with Republicans that would grant legal status to farmworkers currently in the country illegally but would require employers to verify the immigration status of all future hires. There have been numerous attempts since then to balance the needs of farmers, who depend on the labor, and those who want to discourage unauthorized immigration, said Professor Emeritus Philip Martin.
The impact of immigration on the property business appears to actually be positive. As researchers Gianmarco Ottaviano and Giovanni Peri put it while discussing their efforts in a 2006 paper, “we have showed that higher wages and higher rents for US natives are significantly correlated with higher diversity.”
H-1Bs help native-born workers. Studies by economists Giovanni Peri, Kevin Shih and Chad Sparber, comparing across cities, have found that allowing in more H-1B workers raises wages for native-born high-skilled U.S. workers, and doesn’t hurt their employment levels.