Using longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics linked to three decades of census data on immigrant settlement patterns, this study examines how local immigrant concentrations shape the migration behaviors of native-born whites and blacks, and how this relationship varies across traditional and non-traditional metropolitan gateways. Our results indicate that, regardless of gateway type, the likelihood of neighborhood out-migration among natives increases as the local immigrant population grows; an association that is not explained by sociodemographic characteristics of householders or by features of the neighborhoods and metropolitan areas in which they reside. Most importantly, we find that this tendency to move away from immigrants is pronounced for natives living in metropolitan areas that are developing into a major gateway; i.e., communities that have experienced rapid recent growth in foreign- born populations. We also demonstrate that among mobile natives, the neighborhoods that they move to have substantially smaller immigrant concentrations than the ones they left, a finding that is especially evident in new gateway areas. Overall, our analysis indicates that migration responses to immigrants vary depending on local histories of immigration, playing a potentially important role in generating differences in segregation across traditional and non-traditional gateways.
Assistant Professor, Cornell University
Matthew Hall is a demographer specializing in immigration, segregation, housing, and racial/ethnic inequality. His current research is directed at understanding immigrant incorporation in new destination areas, the role of undocumented status on immigrant economic and residential well-being, and the impact of the foreclosure crisis on patterns of neighborhood change. He teaches courses in statistics, immigration, and spatial analysis. Professor Hall received his Ph.D. in Sociology and Demography from Pennsylvania State University in 2010, and joined PAM after two years as faculty at the University of Illinois, Chicago.